The country located in the south central area of Europe, Italy has a pleasant temperate climate, and populates a fair percentage of the people of Europe. The capital city, Rome is of historic importance and is regarded as the central area of western civilization. Italy, after the death of most of its population due to the spread of the pandemic plague, emerged to become the hub of Renaissance. As with any other country, Italy too faced invasion by foreign forces in the past. The Second World War saw the decline of the power of Italy and since then the country went through many crises and economic slow down. However, the modern Italy is a democratic republic that offers top quality life to its citizens.