Performing arts are performed by the artist himself and they does not involve the use of other materials. Performing arts originated in ancient Greece. Poets like Sophocles wrote plays which contain elements of dance. Performing arts grew well during the 19th century when variety theatres and ballet became popular. The advent of motion pictures have made films as the most popular medium of performance in the 20th and 21st centuries.The popular performing arts include music, dance, acting and other skill shows. Dance is the art of graceful movements of the human body with expressions. Music performance, acting on a stage and playing of instruments require skill and stage presence.